Burt described rape as the psychological extension of a dominant-submissive sex-role stereotyped culture. Socioculturally transmitted attitudes toward women, rape, and rapists can predict sexual violence. Such stereotypes are often internalized from the male dominated sociocultural milieu. Sexual violence can result from a misogynist attitude prevalent in a culture. It has been pointed that cows are treated better than women in India. In rural India, for example, girls have no independent control of their sexuality. They are expected to get married and produce children, thus shifting the control of their sexuality from one man (the father) to the other (the husband). A man, thus, plays the most important role in a woman’s life in India as he does in many other cultures which may have traditional patriarchal attitudes.
It is possible that in cultures where man and his manly role are prized better, additional perceived or real power may encourage them to think of their “rights.” If a woman resists sexual intercourse, it may be perceived as a direct threat by men to their masculinity, triggering a crisis of male identity and contributing to sexual control and violence as it is seen as a way of resolving this crisis. It has been reported that victims who attempt resistance or escape from the situation are more likely to be brutalized by the offender, thereby giving an inflated sense of power to the abuser as was seen in the New Delhi gang rape case of Nirbhaya in December 2012. It is likely that in patriarchal cultures, any resistance from the woman victim is perceived by the offender as an insult to his “manhood” further provoking him to resort to more violent means to control the victim.
A largely prevalent and clichéd but incorrect stereotyped belief is that sexual violence is often provoked by an attractive, scantily, and seductively dressed woman who is out alone at night; this situation influences a man who then goes on to commit sexual violence on the woman. This belief falsely puts the complete onus of the act on the victim, further victimizing her in the process. Given the facts that acquaintance rape is more common than stranger rape and that even a girl child is often a victim of sexual violence; it is thus merely a myth that only the young, attractive, and seductively dressed women are raped. Perceived or real vulnerability of the victim is a far more important factor compared to attire or attractiveness.[30